Erb’s Palsy, which is also known as Brachial Palsy, is a condition that is caused by damage to the Brachial Plexus, which are the nerves that surround the shoulder. Erb’s Palsy is described as being a weakness or paralysis of the shoulder or arm. This condition causes different amounts of paralysis or impairment. The varying levels of paralysis are given different names, depending on the severity. When the shoulder and upper arm area is the only area affected, the disorder is known as a Brachial Plexus injury. The condition is known as Erb’s Paralysis when it impairs movement of the upper arm and the rotation of the the lower arm. If the condition is severe enough to affect movement in the upper and lower arm, and also the hand, it is generally known as Klumpke Paralysis. In some cases, this form of the disorder can affect the eyelid on the opposite side of the affected hand and cause said eyelid to droop. Because Erb’s Palsy is caused by nerve damage in the shoulder, there are several different causes for the disorder. The main cause for the disorder are complications at birth. The Brachial nerves can be damaged if the babies head and shoulders are jerked to the side when they exit the birth canal. Pulling excessively on the neck and shoulders of the baby during birth can also cause severe nerve damage. Another possible cause of contracting Erb’s Palsy at birth is if the newborn is larger than average weight, which is considered to be any weight over eight pounds, thirteen ounces. This causes the birthing process to be more complicated and also increases the babies chance of contracting Erb’s Palsy.
Blunt trauma or severe injury to the shoulder also cause Erb’s Palsy. In some cases, medical malpractice is to blame for the contraction of Erb’s Palsy. If this is the case, a lawsuit can be filed against the medical practitioner who is to blame for the contraction of the condition for monetary compensation. To win such a lawsuit, the plaintiff must prove that they had a patient-doctor relationship with the defendant. They must also prove that the defendant did not act with the care and skill that a doctor would in any other situation. Finally, the plaintiff must prove that this showing of medical negligence is the cause, or is partly to blame, for the contraction of Erb’s Palsy.